SIGHTSEEING IN CHANIA
osest destinations in the state’s capital is the village of Therisso, located 12 km from the center of Chania. To approach it, you will cross a paved and slightly uphill road, reminiscent of a fairytale magical path, as the tall plane trees, the lush landscape of the Therissian Gorge, with the imposing rocks and the Kladisikos river fluttering along a steep slope. The village is located at an altitude of 580 meters, with the White Mountains rising up just above it. Therisso is famous for its rich history, as it served as a base for the revolutionary fighters of the 1821. Also on March 10, 1905, Eleftherios Venizelos and 1,000 other fighters from all over Crete gathered here to declare armed revolutionary war against Georgios V ‘, in order to achieve the union of the island with the rest of Greece. The building where the militia headquarters was set up today functions as a museum. In the square you will notice the statue of Eleftherios Venizelos.
With a stunning panoramic view of the city and the Old Port, on the hill of Prophet Elias and 5 km from the city center, you will have the opportunity to visit one of Chania’s most famous sights, the Tombs of the Venizelos. There are the tombs of Eleftherios and Sophocles Venizelos, opposite each other, in a lush setting. The area is landscaped with cobblestones, benches and terraces, streets and gardens and is an ideal choice for relaxed walks away from the city center and the noise of the city. The temple of the prophet Elias was built in the early 16th century with Venetian features. There is also the statue of Spyros Kagialedakis, who raised the Greek flag during the 1897 Akrotiri revolution, defying the fires coming from the ships of the Great Powers.
As for the museums that you can visit in Chania, they consist of the Archaeological Museum, Folklore Museum, the Navy, the Museum of Typography, the Holy Trinity Monastery of Tzagarolas and the Gouverneto Monastery.
The Archaeological Museum is housed in the cathedral of the Monastery of Saint Francis, although a new museum is being designed in recently. The report is divided into two sections: the first contains findings from the Neolithic to the Late Minoan period, and the second from the geometric period to the Roman years.
The Folklore Museum of Chania includes representations of rural and domestic work, traditional workshops, decorative objects and everyday items as well as an interesting collection of weavers and embroidery. The museum was created on the initiative of Aspasia Bikakis and Irene Koumandraki.
The Navy Museum of Crete is located in the port of Chania, at the entrance of the Venetian fortress Firkas. Housed in 1973, the museum is organized into 13 sections, starting in antiquity and covering the period until the Battle of Crete. Among its exhibits you will find mock-ups, a collection of shells, amphoras, dummies, and it also has a remarkable library and is active in important research programs.
The Museum of Typography gives you the opportunity to take a journey through time through the manually operated 19th century printing presses, more modern 20th century automobiles and numerous tools, typographical elements and more. It is housed in the Chania Craftsmanship and has a very interesting Cretan library with rare 16th century books, maps, old Cretan newspapers, banknotes and stamps.
The Holy Monastery of Agia Triada is one of the most important monastery complexes in Crete, located at the foot of the Stavros mountain range, in the Akrotiri region, and was founded by the brothers Jeremiah and Lavrentio Tzangarolo (early 17th century). The combination of orthodox monastery architecture with western forms influenced by the Venetian occupation creates an extremely impressive result. Of particular interest is the monastery’s ecclesiastical museum as well as its internationally awarded products, such as olive oil and wine.
Gouvernetou Monastery is an important and historic monastery in Akrotiri, dedicated to Holy Mary. The ruined, fortified exterior of the monastery’s cathedral is located in a gorge, near the monastery, where the Bear’s Cave is also located.
Taking into account all the attractions noted, it can safely be said that Chania is an ideal destination for travelers who want to be captivated by both the natural landscapes and the local history.